The smallest of all penguins, little penguins (Eudyptula minor) are also called fairy or blue penguins due to their tiny size. Like other penguins, little penguins are designed to swim, not fly. They spend the day foraging for small fish in the shallow waters of the sea close to shore. A little penguin torpedoes through the middle of a school of fish, snatching and swallowing prey along the way. Little penguins come ashore at night when predators, such as snakes and seagulls, are less active. They nest in burrows, under trees, in rock crevices, or in caves.
- Where to see them: Australia and New Zealand
- Length: 1.3 to 1.5 ft
- Height: 2.2 lbs
- Lifespan: Up to 25 yrs in captivity
- Habitat: Ocean and coastal shores
- Diet: Fish and marine invertebrates